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WTO技術性貿易壁壘信息快報

來源:CCCME 時間:2019-07-22 00:00:00

 1. 加拿大通報《汽車安全法》下若干法規的修正案通過 (缺陷通知書及不符合規定通知書) 

編號:G/TBT/N/CAN/558
    2019年6月22日,G/TBT/N/CAN/558(2018年6月30日)中提出的修改意見被通過,成為《機動車安全法(缺陷通知和不符合規定通知)》中關于修改部分的新規。該修正案修訂了現行的規定,并對以下三項規定中的每一項增加了缺陷通知或不遵守通知的新要求。這三項規定為:《機動車安全規定》、《機動車輪胎安全規定》和《機動車制動系統和助力器座椅安全規定》。
修正案要求汽車和設備公司提供缺陷或不符合規定的通知:a)在通知中提供更清晰和相關的細節;b)修改通知流程,將不符合要求與缺陷分開處理;c)增加與這些通知相關的報告要求。它還要求公司在車主手冊中提供有關如何聯系加拿大運輸局報告與車輛有關的安全問題的說明。發出不符合規定通知的新要求與發出缺陷通知的要求是一致的,在處理不符合規定的特征方面略有不同,包括那些被認為對安全無關緊要的特征。
報告要求加強了現有的報告和監督規定,包括對三項規定的要求進行標準化,要求公司在五年內向部長提交隨后與業主和零售商的任何通信的副本,并將季度報告的提交日期與美國的時間表相一致。
汽車和設備制造商和進口商有責任確保符合《汽車安全法》及其規定的要求。運輸部通過審查制造商和進口商的測試文件,檢查和測試在公開市場上獲得的車輛和設備,來監測它們的自我認證程序。
本條例修正案自2019年7月10日《加拿大公報》第二部分刊登之日起施行。所采取措施的全文可從下列互聯網地址下載:
http://gazette.gc.ca/rp-pr/p2/2019/2019-07-10/html/sor-dors253-eng.html
英文原文:
Regulations Amending Certain Regulations Made under the Motor Vehicle Safety Act (Notice of Defect and Notice of Non-compliance)
The proposed amendment notified in G/TBT/N/CAN/558 (dated 30 June 2018) was adopted on 22 June 2019 as the "Regulations Amending Certain Regulations Made under the Motor Vehicle Safety Act (Notice of Defect and Notice of Non-compliance)".
The amendment revises current prescriptions and adds new requirements for giving a notice of defect or notice of non-compliance, to each of the following three regulations under the authority of the Motor Vehicle Safety Act; the Motor Vehicle Safety Regulations, the Motor Vehicle Tire Safety Regulations and the Motor Vehicle Restraint Systems and Booster Seat Safety Regulations.
The amendment requires that vehicle and equipment companies required to give a notice of defect or notice of non-compliance: a) provide greater clarity and relevant detail in their notices; b) revise their notification process to address a non-compliance separately from a defect; and, c) augment reporting requirements associated with these notifications. It also requires that companies provide, in the vehicle owner's manual, instructions on how to contact Transport Canada to report a safety concern related to the vehicle.
The new requirements for giving a notice of non-compliance mirror those for giving a notice of defect, with slight differences to address the characteristics of non-compliance, including those deemed to be inconsequential to safety.
Reporting requirements strengthen the existing reporting and oversight provisions, including standardizing requirements across the three regulations, requiring companies submit, to the Minister, copies of any subsequent communications to owners and retailers for a period of five years, and aligning submission dates for quarterly reports with the United States' schedule.
Motor vehicle and equipment manufacturers and importers are responsible for ensuring compliance with the requirements of the Motor Vehicle Safety Act and its regulations. The Department of Transport monitors the self-certification programs of manufacturers and importers by reviewing their test documentation, and inspecting and testing vehicles and equipment obtained in the open market.
The amendment to these regulations comes into force on the date of publication in the Canada Gazette, Part II, which is 10 July 2019. The full text of the adopted measure can be downloaded from the Internet addresses indicated below:
http://gazette.gc.ca/rp-pr/p2/2019/2019-07-10/html/sor-dors253-eng.html
2. 澳大利亞通報2019年消費品(四輪車)安全標準
編號:G/TBT/N/AUS/111
2019年消費品(四輪車)安全標準草案規定了其設計、性能和構造要求,以及伴隨標志和警告的形式和內容。2019年《消費品(四輪車)安全標準》的目標是減少澳大利亞使用四輪車造成的死亡人數和受傷嚴重程度。尤其是由翻車引起的導致騎手被壓死或窒息。這是通過以下方式實現的:改善消費者可獲得的安全信息——通過采用美國或歐洲四輪車標準的某些部分,為所有四輪車引入最低設計、性能和構造要求——為操作人員提供更多的保護,以防在發生翻車時被四輪自行車壓扁或壓住,通過引入最低穩定性性能要求來降低通用車型的翻車頻率;消費者信息、標簽;保護人類健康或安全。
英文原文:
This draft Consumer Goods (Quad Bikes) Safety Standard 2019 specifies the requirements of the design, performance and construction of quad bikes and the form and content of markings and warnings to accompany them.
The objective of the Consumer Goods (Quad Bikes) Safety Standard 2019 is to reduce the number of fatalities and the severity of injuries associated with the use of quad bikes in Australia. In particular those caused by rollovers often resulting in the rider being crushed or asphyxiated. It does this by: - improving the safety information available to consumers - introducing minimum design, performance and construction requirements to all quad bikes through the adoption of certain sections of the US or European quad bike standards - providing operators increased protection from being crushed or pinned by the quad bike in the event of a rollover - reducing the frequency of rollovers of general-use model bikes by introducing minimum stability performance requirements; Consumer information, labelling; Protection of human health or safety
 
以上信息摘自:http://www.epingalert.org
 

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